Most Popular Elements of Storytelling
These most popular elements are essential to every story, and if you want to engage your audience, then you need to understand how they work together.
The main theme is the most essential literary concept since it is the overall message that the tale's writer wants his or her audience to comprehend. Other literary devices are employed to produce themes.
The author's commentary on a subject is the theme. One of the primary themes in Shakespeare's Othello, for example, is how readily human perception can be misled when strong sentiments are involved. Examine other elements of the tale's narrative to discover the theme.
The plot is the narrative's structure as it advances through time. The typical plot structure is followed by most stories, although not all of them.
The plot is divided into five acts, each of which is further divided into parts: exposition (the setting and characters are introduced), rising action (conflict for the protagonist builds as events occur), climax (tension reaches its peak when the most intense point in tension occurs), falling action (events that follow the climax).
Characters are the individuals who participate in the tale. The technique by which a writer creates a character is called characterization. A work's protagonist, also known as the leading figure, is its main or focal figure.
The antagonist, commonly known as the villain, is the main adversary. An antagonist is a person who opposes the protagonist and often serves as a bad guy. Characters are frequently examined in terms of whether they change throughout the narrative and to what extent.
Conflict is the term used to describe what a story's characters must overcome. The plot is built around how the characters respond to the problem. There are four primary categories of conflicts, each with its own set of rules:
- person vs. person (a couple going through a divorce);
- person vs. self (protagonist wrestling with depression);
- person vs. nature (protagonist trying to survive a natural disaster);
- person vs. society (protagonist fighting for civil rights).
The main effect of the tale and its primary signifier of meaning is the interaction of characters and conflicts.
The location of the tale is typically referred to as its setting, and it can either be symbolically significant or simply serve as a backdrop for the narrative.
Point of View Definition
The narrator's voice can be an important tool for creative writing. It is concerned with the point of view from which the tale is presented. First-person, third-person, and third-person omniscient narrators are included in this category.
From the perspective of one or several characters, it tells the tale using the word "I" or "we." The reader can imagine the character's actions as if they were seeing them through their own eyes.
Third-person limited narrator
Tells the story from an outside perspective from the perspective of one of the characters (usually the protagonist). The third-person limited narrator can relate events, thoughts, and actions, but is limited to that single character. In fact, the narrator is not allowed to relate to events that occur across town from where the protagonist is or to the interior thoughts of any other character. The pronouns "he," "she," and "they" are used in the third person, limited narration.
Third-person omniscient narrator
Also tells the story from an outside perspective but this narrator is not limited to the actions and thoughts of one character. This narrator knows all of the backgrounds behind the tale, and he or she may recount everything that happened, as well as each character's actions and words. This narrator has no bounds.
This element refers to the writer's use of words, including word choice and sentence style. The reader may learn how and why word choice and sentence structure, among other things, contribute to the story's effect and meaning by paying attention to these elements.