One of the defining characteristics of anime as opposed to a few Western cartoons is the capacity for visceral entertainment. Once the notion that animation's primary purpose is to amuse kids is debunked, the audience may see that themes including violence, trauma, sexuality, agony, and death are all possible storytelling elements in anime.
However, as anime popularity grew, so did the style's use in both serious and comedic creative works. Adult Swim's Perfect Hair Forever and Nickelodeon's Kappa Mikey are examples of Western satirical depictions of Japanese culture and anime, but some anime has also been lampooned with anime clichés.
Traditionally, only Japanese animations have been classified as anime, although Avatar: The Last Airbender, which was produced in an anime style, has stirred debate regarding whether or not to blur the boundaries between anime and cartoons.
In an attempt to categorize all anime-influenced animations created by non-Japanese artists, the term "anime-inspired animation" has been used. The French production team for Ōban Star-Racers moved to Tokyo to collaborate with a Japanese production company, for example.
Anime may be defined as a "style" rather than a national product, allowing for anime to be created outside of Japan, but this has been controversial among fans, with John Oppliger stating, "Having the term "Japanese anime" or "manga" used to describe original American art robs the work of its cultural identity."
Torkaizer, a U.A.E.-Filipino-produced TV series dubbed the "Middle East's First Anime Show," is currently in production and seeking funding. Netflix has collaborated with several Japanese animation studios to create anime series, making them more accessible to Western markets by delivering them through a more accessible channel.
The web-based series RWBY, created by Rooster Teeth in Texas, is produced in an anime style. By several sources, the series has been characterized as "anime."
For example, in one of its articles, Adweek referred to the series as "American-made anime," while The Huffington Post simply wrote "anime" in another headline without mentioning its country of origin. "Some people believe that like Scotch must be made in Scotland, an American firm can't produce anime," said Monty Oum, the creator of RWBY.
"I don't think so. I believe anime is a form of art that should be appreciated as such, not limited to just one country." In Japan, the animated series RWBY has debuted with a Japanese language voice track; Matt Hullum, CEO of Rooster Teeth, said, "This is the first time any American-made anime has been marketed in Japan. It's usually the other way around, and we're ecstatic about it."